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I’ve been building synthesizers for about a year now. My first, BRIGAND, got lost on the way back from Richmond, VA, where it was part of a recording for WRIR, Richmond Independent Radio. That recording is now on my Soundcloud as the self-titled EP by Def Sensor.
I put off rebuilding it out of frustration more than anything else. But then I started to think about how I could use Control Voltage/Gate (“CV/Gate”) to integrate it with other noiz machines. It took me several weeks, but finally, BRIGAND is reborn as SCION! (Sorry it’s so quiet! It didn’t used to be? Not sure what happened! There will be more later, though!)
SCION started off as a breadboard mockup where one potentiometer was mashed together with an optocoupler to give input from another oscillator, keyboard, or…who knows! It could be anything that generates 0-5 volts!
I also had found that I really liked the absolute low end of the frequency slider, even going so far as to trigger the grains at arbitrary, very low rates, like once a minute or so, so I wanted a trigger key that would give me the ability to make it pscheeeooowwwzzzzz whenever I hit it.
Once I had the board working reliably, I started reworking the code to allow me those very low repetition frequencies, including single, non-repeating pulses. Fortunately, The firmware, called Auduino, is a granular synthesizer designed to run on Arduino boards. It’s almost disappeared from the Internet, so I took my rewrite and started the Auduino2 GitHub project. Please feel free to download it and tell everyone what you made with it! You should be able to adapt it to make all sorts of weird sounds!
Once I had the development board programmed and everything seemed to be working, it was time for a case and solder. And, since the case I wanted to use was transparent like BRIGAND was transparent, I wanted wire that looked good. BRIGAND had used bare bus wire for the power rail, and I loved the way it looked, but bus wire is uninsulated. If I was to run all my wire like that, I’d need to use enamel wire, then remove the enamel insulation wherever I needed it to make contact.
I also had to build a bunch of optocouplers, also known as vactrols (a genericized brand name for them). The way the work is that, effectively one side is a light and the other side is a photoresistor. As the light gets brighter, the resistance drops in the photoresistor. They’re fun to stick out in the air, but that makes them subject to ambient conditions. I opted to mostly isolate them, though I left the ends open to allow for ambient weirdness.
What that allows you to do is send a signal — in this case, a signal of any sort, as long as it’s between 0V and 5V — directly to the control potentiometers. It’s a really simple process that lets you build an analog communication network between devices without worrying about uneven ground levels or whatever.
Here’s how I built them:
Oh, about the transparent case. It’s a parts box. I’m not sure what came in it. Maybe some potentiometers. It’s a little softer than I’d like, it turns out. It makes the button a little unresponsive and plugging and unplugging the jacks is a little harder to time well.
Next up, I needed to get down to wiring.
There are a couple of features I want to add. One “feature” is that one of the potentiometers doesn’t seem to work, and I’ll have to somehow perform surgery to replace it.
Another is that I think I need to install a small amplifier in it. The quiet of the video comes from a terrible solution (miccing a speaker!) to an awkward problem (plugging into a mixer seemed to draw too much current).
I also want to install a three-position switch so I can move from the drumlike repetition frequency can get up into audio frequencies. This kind of synthesis is great at making voice-like sounds (it’s the root of sampling technology) when the repetition frequency is higher.
There are more such noizmachines coming! The purpose of that control voltage is to get them all talking with each other. And it really feels like space exploration as you wander around complexly-interacting waveforms.